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Child Protection and  Survival in Commercial Farms

Child Protection and Survival in Commercial Farms

UKONGA MAGEREZA, Tanzania

CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS IS AS FOLLOWS_ opened new center in GWATA Village in Kisarawe district. Registered 32 ovc.the village administration offered a land of 50 acres.started farming activities and bricks making to construct ovc homes .
ENVAYA OFFICIALS VISITED OUR OFFICE TODAY 04Jul 12

SOCIAL EVILS INVOLVED IN THE NEGLIGENCE OF CHILD RIGHTS IN COMMERCIAL FARMS

The so evils involved in the negligence of child rights in commercial farms in Tanzania are widespread.Iliteracy resulting in lack of development of childs personality which may continue even in his/her adult life.The economic problems in the employment of children in agriculture and minerals mining sectors are in no way of less significance.The inadequancy of family income and desire to supplement family income has compelled to work in mining and agricultural sectors.However,employment in such establishments do not provide them adequate wages.The high incidence of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) labour in commercial agriculture in Tanzania is not only shocking from the moral poinr of view,but also represents a waste of resources,which instead of being improved upon through education and training is utilized in a most unproductive and wasteful manner.

Large number of boys and girls who constitute the bulk of our population are today living a sub-human existence in conditions of object poverty.They have no faith in the existing social and economic activity.It becomes a matter of deep concern to find out ways and means which may put and end to the employment and exploitation of children.

Thus the problem of child labour in commercial farms require a considerable attention from social scientists,activists on the field,and the government.

It is now a realized and accepted truth that the protection of children against exploitation is essential to their mental and physical development of a nation as a whole.Thus the present work is a humble attempt to bring forth some of the legal aspects of this multi-dimensional problem and to give some suggestions for mitigating the acuteness and gravity of this evil.The objective is,the community should be to conduct the emperical survey of child workers employed in sugar,tea,wheat,sisal estates,mineral mining sites,with a view to know the fate of the working child in the light of the constitutional commitment and to give effect to the constitutional mandates.

OBJECTIVES OF CHIPS-CF

The objectives of CHIPS-CF are:

a.To strengthen the capacity of the community to meet the socioeconomic needs of orphans and vulnerable children in commercial farms in a sustainable way.

b.To establish link between community institutions and structures to allow OVC easy access to vital services such as health care,education and training.

c.To enhance opportunities for the OVC easily access primary education,secondary ,and college education.

d.to create opportunities for the OVC to better their life via vocational training and income-generating activities.

e.To promote adequate housing,nutrition,sanitation and clean water for children.

f.To promote safety for children by an awareness of substance abuse,chid abuse and child labour practice.

g.TO promote programs concerned with the spritual and emotional development of children to allow the child to use religious or spirituals to deal with their grief.

h.Promote a supportive legal framework that advocate for laws and policies that support the rights of children,and that children have basic knowledge about them.

i.Create childrens platform where their voices can be heard and they can express themselves freely.

j.Target influencial community members for example,teachers ,health workers,traditional and local government leaders and encourage them to play an effective role.

k.Train caregivers in psychological support and counselling.

l.Establish childrens clubs to provide ongoing support and opportunities for social interaction

m.To promote international and intercultural solidality through support and learning with forein donors.

Child Protection and Survival in Commercial Farms(chips-cf) management team boasts of experienced people that have held a variety of roles,including project manager,business analysts,small business owner,office manager,personal assistant,lawyer,doctors,military peacekeeper,welfare officer,logistician and pubic relations/media offier.

They have over 30 year experience working in private and public organizations,including such fields as marketing and sales,real estate,telecommunication,diplomacy,media and agriculture.

Chips-cf is a registered Tanzania non;profit organization formed by James Lushi and other children lovers.They knows first-hand of the tragic lives of the children in commercial farms in Tanzania. 

Many children in commercial farms in Tanzania are experiencing the trauma of being left alone to fend for themselves.Chpis-cf's wish is to grant a child's wish-a wish to survive,to have hope,to be loved and valued, to have a place to call home,a wish to look forward to tommorow.

Chips-cf was conceived to connect thousands of people to help children at risk,especially aiding ground-level organizations that are doing the day-to-day work of running orphanages and schools,rescuing children from slavery,child labour,and feeding the poor. Whereas caring people often desire t help at risk and needy children but have no idea how to go about it,Chips-cf provides the vehicle and the compassionate direction.We teach and provide simple but powerful tools to gather those within sphres of influence to save and change lives.

Many children in commercial farms are now HIV positive or have AIDS,and some have so badly beaten and raped,that they have been mentally and physically scared for life.Consequently some of the young girls have been left with babies(even though they are still children themselves)and they have no means of supporting themselves or the babies.

A number of children have been fortunate enough to find family members or orphanages with whom or where they can live.But 85% of these OVC are homeless.Thousands live alone,lack parental guidance,experience financial hardship,and are grossly undernourished.Many have been orpharned because thei parents have died from AIDS and children left by migrant labourers/worker

These children are denied love and affection,they do not have access to education and health care,they survive by their wits,often through theft,violence or prostitution,chid labour,they join gangs for safety and to approach a family structure.These  children face a short and uncertain future.

It is against this backdrop that Chips-cf,with the assistance of friends and family supports a small group of 313 orphaned children and 87 other children impoverished families.With the financial means we could help more-many,many more.In partnership with other credible non-profit organizations,we fight to save dying children by sponsoring orphans,developing micro-enterprises,promoting advocacy,organizing and encouraging effectual players,arranging trips for people to see first-hand the desparate situation of these children.ENVAYA is a very good example.       

AIM

CHIPS-CF is the NGO based on integrity and honesty values.The aim of the organization is motivated by a deep compassion to raise funds,which are used to aid those living in most desparate situations,focusing especially on the orphans and vulnerable children in commercial farms in Tanzania.The organization seeks to accomplish our aim by:

Raising funds to promote the work of CHIPS-CF;

Publishing/producing information by means of sound and/or visual aids.

GOAL

The goal of the organization is to provide homes,medical care and education to children who have been orphaned or are without families.CHIPS-CF will meet this goal by supporting the childrens villages around commercial farms,to help children find a home-a home where they can safely and regularly eat,sleep,learn and be cared for.

We will work to improve the lives of caregivers and volunteer caretakers by providind funds for vocational training and the teaching of basic business skills.We will attack poverty and unemployment by starting small-scale enterprises.These micro-business opportunities owned primarily by women,will help to seed a network of strategic partner throughout the country.

CHILD PROTECTION AND SURVIVAL IN COMMERCIAL FARMS [CHIPS-CF]
BUILDING BLOCKS :
CHIPS-CF BRIEFING NOTES ON ECONOMIC STRENGTHENING
Resources for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children
BACKGROUND:
These briefing notes are part of a set of six, comprising five topics and an overview:
>Education
>Health and nutrition
>Psychological support
>Social inclusion
>Economic strength

These briefing notes have been developed through a highly participatory proccess, guided by ENVAYA advisory board and International HIV/AIDS Alliance. One part of the review took place at a meeting at Grand Park View Hotel in Tanzania, attended by 40 people from Dar Es Salaam and Kibaha. The people who attended this meeting then took the papers back to their colleaques in their home and offices, who undertook a further process of review.An overview explain why programs need to strengthen the skills and resources of families and communities to cope with economic threats. Guidelines for programs aims at strengthening the ability of children, families and communities to cope with economic impact of HIV/AIDS.

STRATEGIES:
Possible ways of taking action to strengthening support for orphans and vulnerable children.There is a growing evidence base for strategies that are effective in supporting orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). Strategies in the brief notes including both those that have been implemented together with suggestion for strategies based on experience of people working with OVC.

ISSUES;
CHIPS CF found the severest econominic stress in households headed by a grand parent, adolescent or a single, ill parent. children in those households lacked food, clothes, shoes, bedding and medicine. Orphans and children from affected families are more likely to be poor because of:
>Reduced household income while parents are too sick to earn money, and after their death. This leads in turn to reduced acces to health care, food and education and even in some cases the loss of their home and property.Usually, sick parents can not remain as produtive, so less income or food is produced for the family.
>Increased expenditure on health care.Households with a family member who has AIDS-related illnesses use a high proportion of their income for medical expenses.
>Funeral costs in some areas where death rates due to AIDS are high,community may no longer contribute towards funeral costs, leaving bereaved households to meet all the expenses themselves.Funeral costs are usuallly high, there is a long period of mourning, and many families have to deal with several funerals in close succession.
>Debts.sometimes parents die leaving unsettled debts.
>Depleted resources.common coping strategies used by households in times of economic difficulty deplete the family's resources and compromise the children's futures.They include:
-Spending savings
-Seeking wage labour
-Switching to lower maintenance subsistence crops
-Selling possessions, livestock and land
-Borrowing food and money
-Reducing consumption and expenditure on food
-Resorting to cheaper medication
-Withdrawing children from school
-Children resorting to paid labour.

>Life chances. children in affected housholds or who have lost their parents may have to earn money to contributed to household income. Such children start work earlier than their contemporaries and often either leave or miss school,affecting their chances of achieving functional literacy.In extreme cases,girl children may sell sex to support themselves and young siblings.Sometimes girls may get married for economic security.
>Orphans,vulnerable children and affected household often can not improve their economic situation because they have lost their inheritance and lack access to education,training,income generating opportunities and credit.

Strategies: Potential strategies for action are programmes which support the right of vulnerable children if they:
-Protect the inheritance of women and children.
-Promote community awareness and accontability regading the rights of widows and children.
-Encourage community leaders to take responsibility for protecting the rights of widows and orphaned children and to develop strategies to protect them from unscrupulous relatives .
-Help parents plan for their children's future, including making a Will and other arrangements such as passing on birth certificates and title deeds to land.
-Encourage birth registration to ensure that children have birth certificates, especially in places where this is required to inherit land and property or to access social welfare support.
-Encourage hospitals to record next of kin, including widows and children, on birth certificates.
-Design savings and credit schemes so that children receive parental shares.
-Provide legal support and services for children and care givers to advise them of their rights and help them claim their legal entitlements.
-Advocate with the government to review and enforce labour laws, and help widows and children claim their employment rights and benefits.

Strategies for strengthening household economic resources are pratical measures that allow people time for income generation and productive activities. Different approaches could include;
-Organising cooperative childcare so that caregivers can work.
-Improving water supply and introducing fuel-efficient stoves so that caregivers spend less time collecting water and fire wood.
-Help establish caregiver groups for mutual practical support.
-Providing training in credit and marketable vocational skiils for affected households, especially those managing income generation for the first time.
-Create a community welfare fund to provide short-term relief.

Supporting initiatives that help orphans and vulnerable children develop pratical skills. Children should be trained in entrepreneurial skills alongside their caregivers, so that they can take over when their caregivers are no longer able to continue.

CHALLENGES
Child protection and survival in commercial farms (CHIPS-CF) says,
We have built our bridge across the river and have reached out to children and families in need of help. Our children face many challenges in life. How to get help when they need it and how to make decisions when the parents are absent or have died. Some challenges are the same, some are different from the once s that we faced growing up. If we make sure that our children have the life skills they need to grow up, then our children can respond to the challenges of life, perhaps even better than we did.
Grace, Anna,Shakira and James is a child-headed family. The parents have died leaving the children a few family assets. One of the relatives, an uncle, is demanding their house as it used to belong to his brother who died.
The oldest child is a girl aged 17. The other three children are 14,8 and 2 years-old. The children do not want to give their house away. This relative,the uncle, continue to bother them about giving away their house to him.

Advocacy remains in all CHIPS-CF programmes a prominent task. Despite recent impressive mobilization of politicians, government and opinion leaders in Tanzania, issues and concerns of orphans and vulnerable children in commercial farms in Tanzania still have to be promoted in the general public as well as decision makers. This includes leadership, partcipation, involvement and resources. Continous strong advocacy can promote greater involvement of public and their networks.
While encouraging experiences exist in a limited number of districts and communities, scaling up these experiences to all districts faces severe constraints with regards to resources and capacities.
CHIPS-CF is looking for sponsorship for two children one male and one female who have completed secondary education and wants to study a certificate in Diplomacy and international relations and a certificate in procurement and logistics management.Total fees is USD 5500 only including tuition and accomodation. The children are cared by CHIPS-CF.

CHIPS-CF welcomes sponsors for the two orphans. With thanks
JB Lushi Chairperson.
CHIPS- CF is finalizing arrangement to open a medium size restaurant which will provide natural prepared foods services to customers. This project will be managed by Miss Gladys Mwakalukwa who is an orphan. She is among CHIPS-CF products. Now she is ready to support herself after completing a two-year training course in Hotel Management.We say it is an achievement.
Mr Mgongolo a CHIPS-CF Medical Officer Volunteer worker will from Monday 14 Jun -28 Jun 10 attend a Course on volunteer counceling on HIV/AID victims to be conducted at Muhimbili National Hospital. This is among CHIPS-CF strategies of capacity building of our staffs.