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Special Development Organisation

Special Development Organisation

simanjiro, Tanzania


SDO currently works in 3 areas of Resilience, Participation and accountability and the area of Social entrepreneurship.



What is resilience?

SDO defines resilience as the ability of people, households, communities and systems to mitigate, adapt to, recover from, and thrive and learn in the face of shocks and stresses, in order to reduce chronic vulnerability and enable sustained development, inclusive growth and learning, and transformative capacity. Achieving resilience is a progressive and long-term process that goes beyond humanitarian relief and development investment by addressing a wider set of inherently connected challenges that together hold the most vulnerable communities back.



Environment Project.

This project contribute to the national goals of alleviate poverty among the poor and rural communities in Tanzania through the promotion of participatory natural resources management utilizing opportunities accorded to them by the existing country policies and legislations thus  implementation of National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP).  The overall goal of this project therefore is to contribute to the biodiversity conservation, ecosystem preservation while supporting AND INTERGRATING education into the livelihood base of pastoralists in Simanjiro Plains villages in Simanjiro District through a sustainable natural resource use and management.

The  project aims to empower communities to fulfill their roles as owners and co-managers of natural resources in their respective constituencies i.e. forest, fisheries and wildlife) through sustainable land use planning and participatory/community-based natural resources management activities ( PFM/CFMAs) as such increasing their resilience to external changes ( including climate change).

 The organization also aims to support to build a symbiotic correlation between the pastoral systems of production, biodiversity conservation and education offered to pastoralists’ children. It targets to improve the knowledge base of pastoral children in Simanjiro Plains/rangelands villages of Simanjiro district while addressing biodiversity conservation for sustainable development.



Human development is a core component towards reducing poverty, with the most vulnerable being able to have a voice in decision making processes and have income earning opportunities. Currently, Pastoralist and other marginalized groups have been excluded from decision making processes and policy development. Similarly, Tanzanian youth have been unable to access economic opportunities and the empowerment of girls’ and women’s rights through gender mainstreaming in development has been overlooked.

Tanzania is undergoing a rapid pace of policy change. The new constitution review process, Vision 2025, the National Strategy for Growth and the Reduction of Poverty, the Rural Development Strategy, the Agricultural Sector Development Strategy, a draft Livestock Policy, a new Wildlife Policy, and the Local Government Reform programme are just some of the institutional changes that have taken place in the last five years. Most of the policy maker their mind set is against pastoralism, most view patoralism as unfriendly to the environment, is unproductive and primitive way of life. Therefore for the future of pastoralist there is the urgency of lobbying and advocacy to these policy makers to understand pastoralism and for them to accept it as a viable livelihood buy doing this we can improve the policies hence un enabling environment for the pastoralist to develop

The rapid pace of change has also prevented many citizens from participating in shaping the policy options and directions being proposed by government. As a result, many communities have been left behind. This is particularly true for rural people, and the pastoral and hunter-gatherers communities are among them.[1] The theme also seeks to have a wider and longer-term impact by enabling citizens to have the information, skills and tools to participate in governance and decision-making processes by demanding accountability from their Leaders.



Moipo pastoralist Land right:

This is another successful project which we are implemented it in five wards in Moipo division, Simanjinjiro district in  Manyara region. The project cost about 20,000 USD and is supported by CARE International (TZ). The project is  completed, the project enabled villages to have land use plans, facilitate women to own land and use it for their economic activities e.g farming and livestock production


What is Social Entrepreneurship?

Social entrepreneurship is about applying practical, innovative and sustainable approaches to benefit society in general, with an emphasis on those who are marginalized and poor. It captures a unique approach to economic and social problems, an approach that cuts across sectors and disciplines grounded in certain values and processes that are common to each social entrepreneur, independent of whether his/ her area of focus has been education, health, welfare reform, human rights, workers' rights, environment, economic development, agriculture, etc., or whether the organizations they set up are non-profit or for-profit entities. It is this approach that sets the social entrepreneur apart from the rest of the crowd of well-meaning people and organizations who dedicate their lives to social improvement. SDO uses this approach to attain sustainability of the projects we establish to address communities social problems, it include the groups established within the community through our facilitation.


The Naberera water project.

This project was funded by the Oregon conservancy foundation it worth 8000 USD Which is about 16,800,000Tanzaniashillings. This project was to rehabilitate the wind powered machine which produces clean water for 5000 people living in the village and surrounding villages and about 15,000 cattle’s in the community. when completed this project will helped a lot to improve the livelihoods of the people by improving the health of the people in the area. It also  Improve the quality of their health centre which will gets water from this machine, and the children in the primary and secondary school in the village will benefit too because know they don’t have to abandon classes to go to the water point but they get water supplied by this machine. This machine uses wind which is abundant and free so it is very cheap to run and it is environmentally friendly.

Veterinary centre.

Through the support from members and the Oregon Conservancy foundation we manage to establish a vet centre where people from the community can access basic medicines to treat their animals. Furthermore we use a solar powered fridge to do vaccination in the remote areas. Almost the whole district don’t have electricity, and the weather is very hot most of the time, therefore carrying the vaccine all the distances for a number of days they might fail to protect the disease, but with this fridge which is also mobile we are able to reach every corner in our operation areas and do vaccination with 100% efficiency.

[1]IIED: Ambivalence and contradiction: A review of policy environment inTanzania in relation to Pastoralist. A.Z. Matee & M.shem