Log in
Association of AIDS Widows in Tanzania -- ARUSHA BRANCH (AWITA)

Association of AIDS Widows in Tanzania -- ARUSHA BRANCH (AWITA)


Tanzania history

Tanzania History
Tanzania is a kaleidoscope of landscapes a country of great beauty and diversity encompassing some of Africa’s most wonderful images. The Serengeti with its millions of wildebeest that congregate annually.Ngorongoro crater conservation area where a huge concentration of game coexists with the Maasai people. The snow – capped peaks of Kilimanjaro. Then Zanzibar spice islands. Ruaha. Selous…… The list continues. With tourism still relatively small scale and about 25% of the country designated as game parks and reserves, there is wealth of bird life and animals to be seen.
Borders include Kenya the Indian Ocean, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda.
Wilderness areas
There are 36 wilderness areas classified as national parks or game reserves. The most famous of these include the Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, Mt Kilimanjaro, Tarangire, Selous, Ruaha and Mahale.
By road transfer or short scheduled flight from Nairobi to Arusha. KLM and Ethiopian Airways services Kilimanjaro airport near Arusha. BA, Air France, KLM, Swiss air, Ethiopian airways, Egypt air, Alitalia and other air lines service Dar es Salaam.
Public Transportation
There are some long distance coaches which are suitable for use by visitors, such as the daily Nairobi to Arusha shuttle bus. Local bus and minibus services are likely to be u uncomfortable overcrowded and potentially dangerous.
There is a railway network, but at best the passenger services can be unreliable and uncomfortable. The whole network ceased operating as a consequence of the “El Nino” rains at the end of 1997, and subsequent flooding and many services have still not been restored.

Taxis are available everywhere in urban areas, but the condition of these can be very poor. The better hotels generally have a superior selection of taxis available and it is suggested that you obtain one of these, particularly for longer journeys.

It is difficult to hire a car or other vehicles in Tanzania without a driver – it is also in advisable since the poor state of many of the roads in both town and on safari plus erratic driving by other road users makes driving on most routes tiring and unsafe.
The local unit of currency in the Tanzania shilling which these days is freely convertible within Tanzania for the U.S. $and other currencies, the current exchange rate being approximately £ = Tsh 1,800 and $ 1 = Tsh 1,300 There are numerous banks and bureau de change in towns, and most lodges and hotels will exchange currency or travelers cheques at reasonable and different rates.
It is not possible to obtain Tanzanian shillings outside the country, and it is illegal to export more than a small amount. Many items or services are priced and paid for in U.S. $, so do not convert more funds in to thelocal currency than you need for incidental expenses.
Credit cards are accepted at an increasing number of establishments in Tanzania but by no means everywhere. It is not generally possible to obtain cash on a credit card in Tanzania, so it is recommended that visitors carry sufficient funds in the formal of traveler’s cheques.
Most hotels and lodges have gift shops with a selection of local crafts souvenirs. There are also a few roadside stalls and shops that you will pass en route. You will find some interesting woodcarvings, paintings and batiks. Precious stones and jeweler are also a specialty.
Spending Money
As regards money, US $ cash is accepted just about everywhere and you can easily change $ in to local currency as needed in the lodges and at the banks and at bureau de change.
The banks and bureau do, in general, offer a better exchange rate than the lodges. Ii is also worth noting that they give a higher rate for larger denominations US bank notes than for the smaller ones.
Apart from US $, all other major foreign currencies can be exchanged at banks and bureau, but the US$ is only foreign currency generally accepted in payment at lodges and shops etc. The US $ is effectively a parallel currency in Tanzania and Kenya and visitors get a comparatively better rate when exchanging $than any other currency.
Traveler’s cheques can be exchanged at any bank or bureau, but they are converted at a lower exchange rate than cash currency.
The lodges and some shops will take credit cards, but the shops often charge an extra percentage for taking them (up to 10%). Not all places take credit cards and you won’t be able to get cash on a card, so traveler’s cheques are a good idea.
You can’t obtain Tanzanian shillings out of the country and you are not permitted to take more than about $ 15 worth out when you leave, but you can of course change any surplus back in to
Tips & Gratuities
The average range for tips to your driver/guide is$ 5 - $10 per day per person . This can be paid at the end of your trip in one lump sum. You can tip in the local currency or in US $, both are equally welcome.

On Kilimanjaro mountain climbs also the average range for tips to be $5 - $10 per day on the mountain per person. This should be given all together to the head guide at the end of the climb; he will share this with the assistant guides and mountain porters.
For other small services on safari such as to baggage porters, waiters, room services e.t.c.
A dollar or two or the local equivalent is usually sufficient. Do not feel obliged to tip on every possible occasion and there is a staff gratuity box in all lodges where you can leave a general gratuity rather than distributing individual ones.
Arial/Visas/Visits’ pass
Everyone entering Tanzania is required to be in possession of a valid passport. The passport should not only be valid for the intended duration of your visit but for six months beyond it. If your passport is due to expire within six months, we’d recommend renewing it before traveling. A valid visa is also required unless you are visiting from an exempt country. Some commonwealth and Scandinavian countries and the republic of Ireland are exempt and require only presentation of a passport which will be stamped up on arrival with a temporary visitors’ visa. In all cases, it is best to check with the Tanzanian Embassy or high commission in your country for the latest regulations. Only diplomats are exempt visa/visitor’s pass requirements but for visitors from ‘most countries the visitors’ pass is available on arrival. A valid return ticket (this is likely to be checked) and sufficient funds for your stay (this is unlikely to be checked, but may be) are also, of course, required.
British and US passport holders require a visa that currently costs US $ 50 (this includes Zanzibar).
Health & Medical
You should take some anti – malaria pills. There is a new pill on the market, Malarone, which has a simple one pill a day regime which offers a high level of protection. This is much less complicated than the two a day, plus two a week type, and avoids the possible side effects of Larium. Malarone only needs to be started one day in advance and your trip and continued for one week afterwards (as opposed to the one week in advance and one month afterwards for the other types).
You should consult your doctor or a travel clinic as to other sensible precautions. Most people would have tetanus, typhoid, and polio and may be hepatitis shots.
Yellow fever certificates are not strictly necessary if arriving direct from a country in which it is not endemic, such as the USA or Europe. However a certificate can, in theory, be required crossing from Kenya to Tanzania or vice versa, and Zanzibar has always required these certificates in the past. The position on Zanzibar has now been changed to bring it in to line with mainland Tanzania, but there still appears to be some confusion on this issue.

A small first aid kit and some basics from your bathroom cabinet is a good idea. Something to sooth insect stings and combat diarrhea are worth including. Imodium is very effective but some travelers have reported adverse effects from taking this at the same time as the new ant malaria pill, Malarone so it may be wise to avoid this combination.
Although the Kilimanjaro climb is often described as available to any reasonably fit person, the combination of strenuous exercise, cold and high altitude can have adverse effects. If in doubt please consult your doctor in advance.
Food & Drink
It is generally recommended to drink only bottled mineral water, which is readily available everywhere.
There are no restrictions on the sale or consumption of alcoholic drinks in Tanzania. A good selection of local beers and soft drinks are available everywhere and you will find a range of imported wines, beers and spirits in many places, although these can be expensive.
The quality and value of food in Tanzania is highly variable and in general, the more expensive the lodge, hotel or restaurant the better and “safer” the food will be. Eat sensibly; be wary of cold buffets and salads - particularly in the first few days of your visit.
Clothing & Equipment
Clothes for safari should be light, comfortable and not too brightly colored. There is little or no requirement for anything formal. A light jacket or sweater may be needed in the evenings at higher altitude; comfortable walking shoes are an essential, as is a hat to keep off the sun, and sunglasses. Don’t forget a swimming costume for use at the lodges’ pools. Most people bring binoculars and/or cameras and video equipment with plenty of tape or firm. Zoom or telephoto lenses are likely to be useful.
Most of the better hotels and lodges will spray rooms and provide mosquito nets, but do bring your own insect repellent sprays.
A flashlight is always useful.
There will be no television or radio in most places, so you might want to bring a little shortwave radio or walkman if you want to keep up with world events or listen to some music.
Remember that safari vehicles and light aircraft have tight limits on the size and weight of luggage carried. Depending on your itinerary it may be possible to leave some luggage in Arusha for the duration your safari.
Your packing and baggage will be affected by the itinerary of your trip. Clearly, if you are climbing Kilimanjaro, you will require supplies of warm clothing e.t.c. which would not be required on safari.
Remember that if you are staying in or passing through Arusha more than once. You will be able to leave some baggage in store to be collected on your return. We do request all clients to take the minimum amount on safari and to avoid large rigid suitcases. Safari vehicles have limited luggage space and small soft bags are much easier to pack. If you are on a custom safari, you will have your own vehicle and if there are two of you, have ample luggage space, but it is still a good idea to keep your baggage to a minimum.
Remember that light aircraft have tight limits on the size and weight of luggage carried- this is 20 kilos including hand baggage on the flight from Arusha to Zanzibar and is 15 kilos on light air craft transfers to and between the parks.
Please remember that the airlines’ record with baggage is not exactly 100% and whilst bags are rarely lost forever, they can take days to catch up with you on a safari. Please carry all medical supplies, particularly prescribed drugs and anti malaria tablets in your hand baggage, together with other essentials.
Ranger safaris requires that all clients arrange personal travel insurance to cover their medical, property and other person risks for the duration of their safari. Advice on policies or actual cover can be arranged in required. Temporary membership of the flying doctor service based in Nairobi and providing emergency evacuation cover in Northern Tanzania and Kenya can also be arranged at a cost of £ 20($ 30 US) per person.

Kiswahili and English are the official languages, however English is widely spoken. Arabic is also encountered, especially in Zanzibar with its’ strong Arabic influence /history. It’s worth noting that many phrase books concentrate of Kenyan Swahili which is quite different from Tanzanian Swahili. The two are similar enough that Kenyans and Tanzanians understand one another with no difficulty but with a foreign accent and Kenyan Swahili you may not be understood too easily! They’re much harder to find but try to find a phrase book which covers coastal, Tanzanian Swahili rather than Kenyan Swahili.
Muslim, Hindu and Christian beliefs cover most of Tanzania, whilst in rural areas it is not un common to also encounter traditional, local beliefs. It is worth noting that Zanzibar is predominantly Muslim, and common sense should be applied, especially by women, when sun bathing e.t.c Generally, foreigners are tolerates to a great extent vis – a – vis wearing of a bikini on the beach, etc, although thoughtful respectfulness for the Muslim faith is highly appreciated and considered the ultimate in politeness, especially during religious periods such a Ramadhani. If in doubt, ask!
Most accommodation on safari accepts children; however some of the smaller and more remote camps and lodges may not.

Tanzania is a tropical climate with several regional variations. The coastal belt is not and humid all year round, whereas the interior is generally season. October to April is marginally hotter than May to September. Tanzania lies just south of the equator so there is little seasonal variation in temperature, but it is slightly cooler in June/July and warmer in January /February.
The Northern game parks lie at a altitude of 5,000 to 7,000 feet and have a pleasant climate with warm days and cooker evenings year round.
There are two rainy seasons – the long rains during April and May and the short rains in November. The rest of the year is classified as dry season. In practice the rainfall pattern is neither regular nor predictable. In the rainy seasons the rain often falls in heavy but brief tropical downpours during evening or night, with pleasant sunny days in between. The effects of the rain cause some animals to disperse and may procedure a few local problems with flooding of roads and bridges. On the other hand, rain makes the atmosphere clean and dust free and the vegetation beautifully lush and green.

Whilst the rainy seasons are suitable for safaris, it is not the best time to climb Kilimanjaro, it is less than pleasant climbing and camping in the rain and visibility will also be poor. Similarly the long rainy season is not the best time to visit Zanzibar and several of the beach hotels are closed during this period.
Tanzania is three hours ahead of GMT and there is no seasonal hour change.
The power supply is at the UK/European standard voltage of 220/240, and power sockets are the U.K. square pin type. Remember if you want to use U.S. appliances you will need a voltage convertor as well as a plug convertor. Mains power supply is subject to cuts and voltage fluctuation. On safari most lodges power supplies are from generators and these are often turned off during parts of the day and night to reduce and fuel consumption.


ASSOCIATION OF AIDS WIDOWS IN TANZANIA(AWITA ARUSHA)IS SEARCHING FOR SPONSOR/DONOR;                                                                                                    The currently projects operating by AWITA ARUSHA needs much financial capital as material costs.

Be a Sponsor Support to TWAA

Sponsorship Levels Projects material cost:
- $200 will provide all matetrial costs for primary product processing
- $500 will provide for  secondary material cost proceesing.
- 400  will provide for primary education, a healthy diet, clothing, medical health care.

Sponsorship for widows self relience&computer  School Education:
  $300 will sponsor for individual widows to attend the self relience &copmuter literate school . to where widows graduate for their computer certificate so that they can employ them self.

If you want to sponsor a widows or you want to donate material cost, send a check payable to AWITA ARUSHA with a note that you would like to sponsor one of Widows or donate projects material cost. Then mail to: kabuyombo@yahoo.com

For further details contact our Sponsorship Coordinator, Please contact Kabalo B. Mathias Tel.: +255 764 308431 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting              +255 764 308431      end_of_the_skype_highlighting.