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The largest colony of Pemba flying foxes , (Pteroppus Voeletzkow). This , kind of Flying fox is found here at Kidike , located in this village Mjini Ole , for many year communities have buried their dead here , and in turn created a sacred environment free of disturbance for this endemic fruit bat in addition to this peaceful habitat , local conservation efforts from in habitant of Mjini Ole have supported and assisted the flourishing of the Pemba Flying fox .


In the 1980s it was reported that the population of Pemba Flying foxes had declined more than 57% when only 105 could be found. In 1989 the species was listed as endangered. The villagers of Mjini Ole came together and formed the first Flying fox association in 1992 . Since then the population of Pemba Flying foxes at Kidike has exponentially increased due to the burning of hunting , tree cutting and most importantly active environmental education .


The community also set up a basic information centre and invited tourists visiting the Island to view the bats to learn not only more about the Pemba Flying foxes , but also about the Island of Pemba itself , and its unique biodiversity . Tourist pay a nominal fee which is used to put in to community development fund designated for various community projects , One example of a project is providing lighting at the local Mosque at paying electricity bills , Pemba is an Islamic society and religion is an integral part to Mjini Ole”s identity and livelihood vistors contributions assist the association to improve the information center and implement other beneficial community projects in the village .


Kidike organization is one of the many beacons of hope in the World reminding us that conservation and environmental protection is possible. Their conservation effort have set an example for other villages on Pemba Island where conservation and tourism have just started to gain momentum . Kidike is taking the first steps to promote a correct meaning of ecotourism wildlife protection community involvement and environmental education .




Po. Box: 83, Chake Chake Pemba

E-mail: binidd64@yahoo.co.uk

Use mobile: +255- 777-472941/777-470521/777-429280



  • ·        Kingdom Animalia
  • ·        Phylum chordata
  • ·        Class Mammalia
  • ·        Family Pteropodidal
  • ·        Genus Pteropus
  • ·        Size wingspan 1.85 cm
  • ·        Weight 400- 650 grams    






  • ·        Pemba Flying fox differs from other fruits bats in size coloration with characteristic dog like features this large fruits bat has chestnuts red fur , a black face , and black wings. The males are larger and darker than females.





The Pemba Flying fox is found in both primary and secondary forest , as well as in graveyards and mangroves. Majority on Pemba located on the West side of the Island where there are less peoples , and where it is hillier, thus harder to farm.





Pemba Flying foxes are highly socially species , gathering in mixed sex groups of up to 850 individuals per roost . The bats roots in mature trees and remain faithful to their roost returning from feeding trips in huge flocks . They feed on mangoes , breadfruits , figs , flowers and leaves .

       It is believed that the Pemba Flying fox may be sole species dispersing seeds of several native and cultivated species , such fescues seeds , Baobab trees , other various shrub trees and Mkuyu trees .

       Unlike insectivorous bats ( Michropotera) they do not use echolocation , instead they use vision and smell to locate fruit .

(Not translated)

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