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Mohispac Foundation

 

Rev Makenya (Director of Mohispac Foundation share words with Rev Mashambo at Mamba Miamba during the walks

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large.jpgRev Makenya (Director of Mohispac Foundation share words with Rev Mashambo at Mamba Miamba during the walks

 

large.jpgRev Makenya (Director of Mohispac Foundation share words with Rev Mashambo at Mamba Miamba during the walks

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Crops has been dry up due to lack of watern at Saseni river.More than 1000 hectares has dry up as the empact of Shengena forest destruction.picture at Kihurio basin(03/o9/2013

Look the reality of the river saseni.Mind you that more than 1000 hectares are  depends from this river for food production.Majority of women are suffered alot of there is no water even for domestic uses apart from food which is a big problem facing them this year but we cn solve this if we can invest to preserve the forest against those destoying its natures,and other biodiversity

 

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Look the reality of the river saseni.Mind you that more than 1000 hectares are  depends from this river for food production.Majority of women are suffered alot of there is no water even for domestic uses apart from food which is a big problem facing them this year but we cn solve this if we can invest to preserve the forest against those destoying its natures,and other biodiversity

 

 

large.jpgNo water atthe river saseni due to the destruction of the shengena forest caused by mining activities,bauxites,forest fires and destruction of sources of cathments areas at shengena forest.Mind you that more than 1000 hectares are  depends from this river for food production.

 

No water atthe river saseni due to the destruction of the shengena forest caused by mining activities,bauxites,forest fires and destruction of sources of cathments areas at shengena forest.

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SHENGENA MOUNTAIN FOREST CONSERVATION AND TREE PLANTING CAMAPIGN IN SAME DISTRICT- TANZANIA

 INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIZATION

Mohispac foundation is a grass root organization in Tanzania registered in the year 2010 and approved by the government charity organization with Registration No 15NGO/00003934 under section 12(2) of ACT NO 24 of 2002. Mohispac Foundation organization was started since the year 2009 as a small initiative with 5 volunteers using home as the place of organizing their activities. We address the root causes of poverty from one-off assistance, community capacity building development, advocacy and development in disaster management situations. Mohispac Foundation  planned activities suited for people at all levels such as general public, Academics, Affluent, Students, Youths, males and females, Women, Prominent people and Elders  at the level of  each village, or community, provinces  and districts and finally at national level. Mohispac Foundation worked to identify the needs and meet the aspiration of the rural poor and weaker sections through participatory approaches.   Awareness raising, community health care, environment protection, income generation activities, joint forest planning and management, natural resource management, poverty alleviation, small family concept, sustainable agriculture development, watershed development, promotion of local environments  groups and   involvement of the groups in development activities are the major thirst areas of the organization  activities.

VISION

To deals with poverty alleviation and improving life standard of the communities in health, agricultural sector, human right, democracy, good governance, environmental management conservation through the sustainable development activities within their social and cultural context.

 

MISSION

To promote sustainable development in human resource development through capacity building in skills imparting and training to our members, grassroot communities and facilitation of cooperation among various stakeholders to create peace, brotherhood, good behavior, intelligent, confident and ability within the families.

 

BACKGROUND AND SHENGENA FOREST CONTEXT

 Shengena  Forest Reserve is  the largest forest block in the South Pare mountains, it is situated between the North Pare mountains and the West Usambara mountains in north-eastern Tanzania at 4º10’ – 4º25’South, 37º 53’ – 38º East. The southern Pare Mountains are situated in Kilimanjaro Region, about 150 kilometre south of Moshi district. The forest reserve covers an area of 14,213 hectares of various forest types and Montana grassland from an altitude of 1,250m to Shengena peak at an altitude of 2,462m.  The Shengena forest reserve, with numerous water springs, is home to animals, reptiles and bird species rare in other parts of the world and therefore its protection implied to the promotion of tourist activities in the area. Mt Shengena is covered by dense forests. They are the livelihood of the surrounding villages, home to rare animals and plant species and it surrounds Pare Mountains (Same District). Most importantly however, they provide water for the entire Same district – until now. The water is very clean and can be used for washing, cooking, drinking and many more other uses. On the ridge, the trees had to give way to bare red soil. Rivers originating from Shengena forest reserve include Yongoma, Saseni, Mhokevunta, Nakombo, Pangani and Hingilili draining water in Lake Kalimawe, and the lowland areas of Kihurio, Ndungu Irrigation schemes, Kisiwani, Gonja, Bendera  and Mkomazi for rice production as well as water supply in Same, Makanya and beyond that and more than 300000 people depend water from the forest for their lives. The government has approved the upgrading of Shengena forest reserve in Kilimanjaro region to a natural reserve, a move that would help improve and protect the available biodiversity through effective conservation of the environment. From the surrounding plains, the mountains look like a barren and deserted area, but when you start climbing the slopes, one of Africa's most special landscapes is revealed for your eyes. Between huge desolate rocks lie small green river valleys where farmers have built impressive stone terraces. On top of the Shengena Mountains is the dense tropical forest with many rare trees, plants, different types of rare reptiles, birds and different kinds of wild animals. The forest offers an oasis of rest, beauty and fresh air. Visitors can easily walk a day through the forest without meeting anyone (Tourists activities). The surrounding villages are among of the most isolated places in Northern Tanzania and the local people have kept their traditional (Pare culture) throughout their history. Narrow footpaths wind through the mountains from one village to another which attract rains in the forest and the villages around. Africa's most biodiverse nation, Tanzania as well, has added a few more species to its dockets. Researchers have discovered three new amphibians in the always surprising Eastern Arc Mountains (Shengena forest), a region which has supplied a number of new species recently. All three new species are members of the frog genus Callulina. Described in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society the researchers warn that all three of the new frogs are confined to small habitats threatened by deforestation and firewood collection.

The three new species, dubbed Callulina laphami, Callulina shengena, and Callulina stanleyi, were discovered by an international group of scientists, including Tanzanian scientists. Dwelling in forest habitat, Callulina frogs spend their days hidden away in trees or under the leaf litter; at dusk they climb into the trees where they spend the night before descending again to the ground.

 

        Callulina stanleyi                                  Callulina shengena                             Callulina laphami

The researchers recommend that each of the frogs be categorized by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) Red List as Critically Endangered, given their incredibly small ranges: C. Shengena has the largest habitat of the three at 13.5 square miles (35 square kilometers) and C. Stanleyi the smallest at 3.7 square miles (9.7 square kilometers). The remaining habitats are threatened by forest clearing due to agriculture, forest fire, gold mining activities and illegal timber/logging. Although the forest benefit people around is as follows vegetable foods (leaves, tubers, fruit);honey, termites and wild meat, wood for building, fuel and income generation, place of worship; gums, resins and fibers, herbs and medicines, grass for thatching hut, pasture for livestock, Agricultural activities, water for domestic uses and so many other uses.

OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT/AIMS

 The project aims to reduce biodiversity loss at specific cross border sites in East Africa where it concentrates on researches on birds, reptiles, wild animals and forest reserves within Shengena forest in Tanzania and each chosen area for their specific forest ecosystems.

To provide environmental conservation education, conservation of environmental resources and promotion of domestic tourism to the surrounded local communities and enhancing its sustainability.

Improving irrigation programme to the people around so as to increase food production. Foristances, During the past years the Netherlands Development Organization has in close cooperation with the Pare farmers established a Traditional Irrigation Improvement Programme (TIP) in the mountains which has brought positive impact to the farmers.

To enhancing and protecting the natural environment, to reducing forest fire, illegal mining activities, illegal deforestation and preventing habitat loss, biodiversity and to improve environmental  degradation through  trees planting in the forest  and to the local farms  so as to raise farmers' income and reduce poverty.

To promote the integrated water resources management at different levels within the catchments areas along the Rivers from Shengena forest reserve and to work out together with the communities on how to better manage and use the water/training on water safety methods and water-sources maintenance.

BENEFITS OF THE PROJECT TO THE INDEGENOUS

More food will be produced from 5000 hectares uncultivated farms which will be cultivated.

More jobs will be created through tourisms activities (porters).

Water will be increased to domestic use, social use and further more in economic activities to the communities around the forest.

The vulnerable species such as birds, reptiles, both fauna and flora as well as animals will be rescued.

National income will be increased through foreign currency via tours activities.

Social services such as roads, hospitals, recreation centers, will be improved through community contribution after increasing their income.

PROJECT ACHIEVEMENTS

Mohispac Foundation has succeeded to organized community environmental groups which acts as a catalyst in educating others (villagers) in conserving the forest and its ecosystems

We have succeeded to provide some of the equipment’s to our local groups around the forest like seeds, polythene tubes (Kwakibulu group at Mweteni village) and provided training to our local groups on the better ways of improving their environmental conservation.    

                                  

We have also succeed to conduct a big shengena forest walks in cooperation with World AgroForest Centre from Nairobi on 15th July 2013 where we surveyed the whole of the forest with them to realizes the riches of the forest. And we manage to provide T-Shirts to synthesize the community during shengena walks which insisted them to cross finger with other stakeholders to conserve the beauty of the forest.

CHALLENGES/OBSTACLES/DIFFICULTIES/OF SHENGENA FOREST

 Although Shengena forest has a lot of benefit for both fauna and flora but there a lot of challenges facing it which we are  kindly asking other environmental stakeholders to  cross finger with us  to save  our entirely forest. These are:

Bauxite mining in Mount Shengena :

 

The forests are disappearing under spoil heaps, this has caused humankind and nature suffers due to the greed for raw materials of others. It not only destroys this unique ecosystem, but also the source of water for the entire Same district. The villagers of Chome are already complaining of not having enough water to keep their fields fertile. Agriculture would be almost impossible and particularly the rural population will then be deprived of its basic food. Moreover, the mining also damages the ecosystem of the adjacent Shengena Forest Reserve, which was originally intended to protect the forest precisely against these influences. COMMUNITIES living along the Bauxite mining in Chome ward along the Shengena Forest Reserve in Same district of Kilimanjaro Regional  have blamed the escalating environmental degradation for that the endemic drought that is threatening food production in the area. It is just contributing to environmental degradation in the area.
Large trucks transport the red raw material (soil) for aluminum into the valley. For this purpose only, a street has been carved into the mountain. This in turn facilitates illegal poachers and loggers to gain access to the fertile forest. The raw material is being brought to the neighboring Kenya and from there, is shipped to Asia.

The entire region is threatened to dry up if there is no more water flowing from the catchment areas and agriculture would then be impossible, Even now, farmers are complaining of increasingly poor harvests. Their livelihood is threatened by the exploitation. Although the Government has already banned the exploitation near the Chome village, then why are there still trucks rolling down the mountain into the valley? The people from the area are talking about large bribes which the mining company, currently known as the Willy Enterprise, is paying to silence their enemies. Corruption opens the door to exploitation, despite significant formal and legal shortcomings. The inhabitants are convinced that only because of corruption all this can continue. Some of them formed a protest group, but without any help, they are powerless against a company that pays a bribe for silence. 

 

Gold mining taking place within the forest and within the catchments areas which has result water to dry up in the main rivers.

The people worry about the drought as the mining is not friendly to forests and destroys sources of water. We have started experiencing water shortage in this area compared to the past. A survey we carried out in the area recently showed that the on-going mining has very minimal returns to indigenous people in the area. We have been experiencing water shortage in this area as the mining process disturbs water sources. Even crop production has gone down, the situation that makes us to suspect these mining activities here as the major cause of water dry up, because the rains are not enough compared to the preciously years.

The water from natural springs and rivers originating from the forest used to be sparkling clear but today it looks brownish and dirty, indicating possible case of poisoned water. Gold mining that involved up-rooting of huge trees as miners believed that gold was attached to the roots, would cause quick disappearance of the water springs and health complication due to chemicals applied. The vegetation starts to change color. Trees found along the river banks as contaminated water flows down the stream dry quickly, indicating that the chemicals found in water were harmful to living organisms. We admitted that indeed mining activities put at risk people's lives as miners targeted water sources.

"The miners have been falling trees at an alarming rate and we fear that the forest cover may soon be depleted and this will be disastrous not only to Same district, but also the entire nation because Pangani River basins which is the source of Hydro electric power at Hale Nation station also depend on water flowing from Shengena forest reserves.

 

 Lumbering and charcoal burning threatened the existence of Shengena forest.

One of the most complex topics related to co-management of these forest areas is the access to commercially valuable timber. Cash income is a priority for many communities in remote forest areas, and timber could supply that need. However, the Government of Tanzania banned all commercial logging in all mountain catchment forests approximately 15 years ago (Tanzania Forest Conservation Group, 2001). Building sustainable logging into village contracts is not a legal option. Limited logging is permitted for community development, but not enough to provide cash income or more than negligible employment. The concern is how to balance community conservation for water and sacred forest imperatives with the still present individual demand for timber.

Other challenges includes human threats,

Including encroachment for agricultural land, overcutting of trees for building and fencing, overgrazing, uncontrolled bush fires, cutting of trees to harvest honey, overuse leading to loss of water sources in the forest.

Lack of funds

 Due to lack of funds to support local environmental groups around the Shengena forest which are real committed to reforestations mean to replace trees within the forest and at their surrounded environments. This has resulted minority people who are not friends of the forest to destruct it without other people’s shout against them but to the real impact they are realizing from these destruction they are willing to cooperate with other stakeholders even in getting legal advices support to sue against those who are currently destroying the forest. Also their urgent needs are in equipments like polythene tubes, seeds, spades, hoes, and wire mesh, environmental education and so on for opening more nursery trees and to enable them to conduct eco tourism

Wild animals

Animals around Mkomazi National Reserve are endangering due to the fact that they depends water from Shengena forest for their survival too through Kalemawe Dam which has been drying up due to forest obliteration.

 

 

 

 

PROJECT NEEDS

-Trees seeds (podo carpus latifolius, grevillea robusta, cedrella odorata, albizia schimperiana)

-Polythene tubes

-Wire Mesh

-Spades

-Wheel barrow

-Hoes

-Watering cans

-T-shirts and caps.

 

LOCAL CONTRIBUTION AND SUSTAINABILITY

Communities will be reluctant to participate fully in co-management unless they receive adequate benefits or returns as an incentive to conserve. Developing incentives involves prolonged trust and capacity building as well as developing awareness among villagers and forest agencies of the benefits of co-management and sustainable resource use, including conservation. A site-based planning process entailing evaluation of forest resources and identification of specific threats to these resources allows the development of social contracts with the support of forestry agencies and local authorities.

The local leaders will help in community mobilization; provide security to the forest and to our project (Nursery Trees), and to volunteers in community trees planting.

Community venues like classrooms, Churches, homes and community trees can
be used for meetings and training.
The community will also contribute man powers in trees nursery and other
locally available material not coasted and to educate other citizens to conserve the forest and good ways of water managements

They volunteer their intellectual and man power during the forest disasters i.e fire break and so on in putting off the burn forest fire.

 PROJECT MONITORING AND EVALUATION

The Mohispac Foundation with other experts from the Government will be close to the project in monitoring and evaluation in every month although the organization volunteers will be at the site from the initial point to the final of the project, for the final report which will bare positive impact to save the forest. The expertise from forest department from Same district will be involved in providing training to our local groups and technical advices during project implementation .The community groups through their leaders will be responsible in day to day project monitoring through other forest stakeholders (Government Forest Officers, Village Development Officers) in cooperation with Mohispac Foundation leaders.

THE PROPOSED BUDGET 2013/2014

S/NO

DESCRIPTIONS OF REQUIREMENTS

COST@ IN $

EVALUATIONS IN $

TOTAL IN $

1.0

PROJECT REQUIREMENTS

 

 

 

1.1

Trees seeds(100000)

0.0313

0.0313x100000

3130/=

1.2

Polythene tubes 20 rollers

50

50x20

1000/=

1.3

10 Watering cans

32

32x10

  320/=

1.4

10 Hoes

6

6x10

60/=

1.5

10 Wheel barrows

250

10x250

2500/=

1.6

10 Spades

6

10x6

60/=

1.7

10 Wire meshes

31

10x31

  310/=

1.8

300 T-shirts to our local groups

5

300x5

1500/=

1.9

300 Caps to our local groups

2

300x2

  600/=

 

Sub Total

 

 

9480/=

2.0

MEDIA COVERAGE

 

 

 

2.1

Press conf at bureau Centre hall

63

63x2

   126/=

2.2

Allowances for 10 journalists

31

31x10

   310/=

2.3

Preparation off banners/Posters

50

50x10

   500/=

2.4

Brochures/flyers(5000)

0.2

0.2x5000

  1000/=

2.5

Education through radios

188

188x5

   940/=

2.6

Press release (2)

313

313x2

   626/=

2.7

Graphic Tv

63

63x5

   315/=

2.8

Public/community meeting

188

188x10

 1880/=

2.9

Awards/Gift to the best group

313

313x1

   313/=

 

Sub Total

 

 

 6010/=

3.0

ADMINISTRATION COST

 

 

 

3.1

Project coordinator allowances

125

125x3x12months

4500/=

3.2

Communications(phone, internet)

63

63x12

  756/=

3.3

Web Hosting/updating it

500

500x1

  500/=

3.4

Office rent per year 12 months

125

125x12

1500/=

3.4

2 Office Tables(depreciation)

250

250x2

  500/=

3.5

5 Office chairs(depreciation)

63

63x5

  315/=

3.6

Office Stationeries

32

32x12

  384/=

3.7

Emergency

1055

1055

1055/=

 

Sub Total

 

 

9510/=

 

Total Indicative Budget

 

 

25,000/=

 

 

 

 

 

CONCLUSION
Finally this project   needs your kindly aids to save most adversely species which are in danger to disappear, poor farmers and pastoralist at the remoteness areas who are already grappling with water which are now dry up due to the human threats in the forest, rivers and sources of water from the peak of Shengena forest. More than 300,000 people will continue to benefit from the forest if and only if we will get your social, economical, technical, legal and moral supports. Therefore, these initiatives should be seen as experiments along the route to fully sustainable partnerships between people and their government in the joint custodianship of forests that provide benefits at local and national levels - including biodiversity conservation.

Rev Nziacharo Makenya

Executive Director

Mohispac Foundation

Email :mmohispacf@yahoo.com

Call: +255716876742/758888193

B0x 77624 -Dar, Tanzania.

www.envaya.org/mof  or www.mohispacfoundationtz.or.tz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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 Bauxite mining in Mount Shengena :

The forests are disappearing under spoil heaps, this has caused humankind and nature suffers due to the greed for raw materials of others. It not only destroys this unique ecosystem, but also the source of water for the entire Same district. The villagers of Chome are already complaining of not having enough water to keep their fields fertile. Agriculture would be almost impossible and particularly the rural population will then be deprived of its basic food. Moreover, the mining also damages the ecosystem of the adjacent Shengena Forest Reserve, which was originally intended to protect the forest precisely against these influences. COMMUNITIES living along the Bauxite mining in Chome ward along the Shengena Forest Reserve in Same district of Kilimanjaro Regional  have blamed the escalating environmental degradation for that the endemic drought that is threatening food production in the area. It is just contributing to environmental degradation in the  area.
Large trucks transport the red raw material (soil) for aluminum into the valley. For this purpose only, a street has been carved into the mountain. This in turn facilitates illegal poachers and loggers to gain access to the fertile forest. The raw material is being brought to the neighboring Kenya and from there, is shipped to Asia.

The entire region is threatened to dry up if there is no more water flowing from the catchment areas and agriculture would then be impossible, Even now, farmers are complaining of increasingly poor harvests. Their livelihood is threatened by the exploitation. Although the Government has already banned the exploitation near the Chome village, then why are there still trucks rolling down the mountain into the valley? The people from the area are talking about large bribes which the mining company, currently known as the Willy Enterprise, is paying to silence their enemies. Corruption opens the door to exploitation, despite significant formal and legal shortcomings. The inhabitants are convinced that only because of corruption all this can continue. Some of them formed a protest group, but without any help, they are powerless against a company that pays a bribe for silence.