• To empower orphans to develop their capacity to cope with the loss of their resilience through psychosocial support.
    • To develop practical instruments to enable caregivers to support orphans psychologically and hence create a supportive environment for children affected by HIV/AIDS.


As far as possible children and youths through RM and VSI – are supposed to perform their activities as they see fit. But some activities are beyond their powers and require support from Humuliza. These include:-


  • Training in savings and credit:
  • Training in leadership.
  • VSI and RM house construction for some needy members.
  • Agricultural tools, seeds and animal loans.
  • Individual and group advice, counseling and testing.




Prevention department deals with trainings about HIV/AIDS and good behaviors among children and youth. These are done in theory and practical ways of preventing STDS including HVI/AIDS, unplanned early pregnancies and marriage at early ages.
The department targets Children/Youth aged 13 years and above. 
It operates through peer educators in two ways:

>> Through VSI members in their communities.

>> Through primary and secondary schools pupils.

Peer counseling in HIV/AIDS prevention and reproductive health:
A group of VSI members across all the clusters have been trained as peer counselors in the area of sexuality and HIV/AIDS prevention by Humuliza. The counselors are also supplied with existing information booklets in Kiswahili which address critical questions in an open manner. In addition a set of thematic discussion cards have been developed by Humuliza. These cover topics such as sexual harassment by boys and teachers, self-assertiveness, love without sex, use of condoms, etc.

Each cluster has four peer educators – two girls and two boys. They meet twice a month with the members of the cluster – one meeting is also attended by the Humuliza staff member who is in charge of the prevention work. Participation is high, almost all the members attending the prevention meetings. The booklets and thematic discussion cards are often used in these meetings.

Each cluster also elects 4 – 6 members on to an ‘AIDS action committee’ which has a double task:
- To monitor the peer education training;
- To watch the behavior of the members and discuss with them issues such as pregnancies or relationships between the members of the cluster.

Support to HIV/AIDS Infected children
It aims on strengthening the support and Psychosocial well being of the HIV infected children/youth (Umoja group) on improving their health trough conducting monthly sessions on PSS, life skills and other health issues.

psychosocial support

Stressed children session refers to group counseling of stressed children. Stressed children have the following characteristics:-

  • Isolating themselves from other children.
  • Crying most of the time.
  • Being stuborn
  • Being rude.
  • Being depressed.
  • Being mistreated.
  • Being aggressive.

The sessions aim at diminishing the feelings of isolation through exchange of the more or less same experience, which may lead to the conclusion that, other children are in a similar situation. Group members are selected from VSI and RM members.


Caretakers are the parents or foster families and government and religious leaders who are caring for or supporting orphans in different ways like giving advices, counseling or providing basic needs.

One of the aims of the Humuliza Organization  is  to develop a practical instrument to enable teachers and caregivers to support Most Vulnerable children  Psychologically and to develop the orphans’ own capacity to cope with the loss of their caretakers. In line with this aim, Humuliza provides trainings to  teachers in  schools, members of  NGO's and caregivers to understand better what the loss of parents means for children and how to support them to become resilient. Whereby 19 training modules were developed for this purpose.


Humuliza acknowledges that many children affected by HIV/AIDS have a tremendous capacity to survive, to endure and even to recover and that just being a member of the VSI may be enough to support the healing and recovery process. But it also acknowledges that there are a number of distressed children who need some special counseling and attention. In very severe cases (e.g. cases of psychosomatic disorder) Humuliza does individual counseling based on the Solution Focused Approach. For the other children Humuliza uses a structured group intervention counseling approach. The program takes 14 weeks.

Children are referred for individual and group counselling by VSI members, Rafiki Mdogo attendants, adult caretakers and Humuliza staff. On top of that children are supported to make their own Hero Books.


vijana simama imara - vsi

The VSI – “Vijana Simama Imara” (Youth stand firm) – a child directed organisation - is an instrument for enabling children and young people to participate in finding their own solutions for their problems. Children / youths organize themselves in groups for the purpose of supporting each other socially, economically and psychologically which helps them to build their self esteem.
VSI members are aged 13 to 18 years and are in 21 areas called “clusters” with a total number of 1600 members in Muleba District, Kagera Region.


 The VSI - Bank: 
The VSI Bank helps children and youth to save and get loans. In saving, there is personal saving and group saving. In group saving, there is AKIBA Fund, MAAFA Fund and OVC Fund. The AKIBA and MAAFA funds have a Chairperson, Secretary, and a Treasurer. Children present their problems by writing letters and requesting for financial help from these funds. If the problems are genuine, they are helped. The AKIBA personal saving helps the child / youth to save and withdraw money according to circumstances.
The bank is operated by 3 trained VSI-members (one young man and two young women) and gets some supervision from a Humuliza staff member. The bank is open every Saturday (which is also market day in Nshamba). Initially the VSI bank served the VSI-members only for saving purposes – on an individual, group and cluster level but now VSI-groups can also apply for a credit of Tshs. 5,000= per member to start an income generation project. Conditions are:- The group must have made small, but regular contributions to the savings account for at least two months as a compulsory minimum.
- One group-member must have followed 2 days of training in project management.
- The Credit Committee (VSI-members and two representatives of Humuliza) must approve the project description and budget.
The loans are given without interest, and repayment should be made within 9 months. Those who repay within the given time, receive a bonus of 10% which is deducted from their repayment. After repayment the members can apply for another bigger loan of Tshs. 10,000/= per member. The capital of the VSI bank is now Tshs. 2,164,320/=.


 Income Generation Projects:
Some groups invest in businesses which demand little investment – e.g:-
- Selling dagaa (small dried fish)
- Running a small kiosk: selling kerosene, soap, matches, exercise books, pens, sweets etc. To help such groups, Humuliza buys these popular items in bulk from Mwanza and sells them to these kiosk groups at the price it bought them in bulk to help them get a bigger profit. 
- Raising 3-4 chickens for selling eggs or chicken
- Some groups prepare fire-wood or produce and sell baragara, a bakery-product made of manioc and bananas. An increasing number, since the inception of the Mobile Farm School, grow vegetables (tomatoes, carrots, mchicha) and sell them on the market.
Humuliza supports the VSI-members who run a kiosk by buying the basic products in bulk in Mwanza and sells the products at the wholesale price to the VSI-members allowing them to increase their profit. The ‘business department’ consisting of two VSI members.


OVC - Fund and Auctions:
The VSI members introduced the idea of an OVC-fund which can be used for emergencies. The OVC Fund helps the orphans and vulnerable children who have problems of food, school materials and such things. They raise the funds through monthly auctions. The members collect small quantities of foodstuff like bananas, beans, groundnuts, cassava, and sugar cane grown by the group members. Once a month they meet in an open place and the products are auctioned among the members. Some members buy the items for themselves, others buy for their friends, or for a VSI member
that is known to be very poor.

The auction is usually a fun event with a good number of buying competitions. Usually the cluster has about TZS 20, 000 – 40, 000/= in their emergency fund. A committee decides on requests from the members. These requests include money for school materials, food supplements or health support.


youth to youth (y2y) programme

This is the program where youth are empowered to assist their fellow youth by using Solution Focused Approach (SFA).  This is the new approach used by the counselor together with the client to tackle problems by focusing on solutions and not on problems.
This approach is used in Humuliza as a cross cutting issue in dealing with children problems through group intervention sessions (e.g. Youth / girls clubs) and during individual and group counseling.


Y2Y-pragrame activities (Using Solution Focused Approach).

SFA in HUMULIZA is being considered as a cross cutting issue where by with the cooperation of other staff members it has been applied and implemented in each project, and it has been proved to be a good tool for tackling our beneficiaries issues. Apart from that there were three projects which were selected as focus group to implement SFA tool (SD clubs, VSI and stressed children sessions).

Youth / Girls Clubs:
Youth clubs is the program under Self-defense department aiming to empower youth mainly girls to be together and work together to improve their life situation by using their own strength and capabilities instead of staying dependant. By using solution Focused approach youth come up with the idea of being trained in different life skills so that to overcome their life challenges e.g.: economic among others.  In order to achieve this, the program empowers them through trainings like handcraft work including hand-broidering, local mats, bowel, and bags making, Art-work and cookery projects. Apart from that youth also deals with community awareness rising about children rights trough song, role plays and different games.

VSI groups
SFA tool aimed at helping VSI groups to become more powerful mainly on issues such as cooperation, sharing ideas and engaging in different projects like crop production (grand nuts, maize, millet, beans to  mention but a few) animal keeping and hence become self reliant. 
SFA tool also to VSI members intended to let them know their value in the communities they are living and understand their contribution in fighgiting against problems of diseases like HIV/AIDS.


Stressed children sessions
SFA aimed at helping children who are stressed to become resilient and have achievable future dreams. This is being done by conducting stressed children sessions.


mobile farm school - mfs

Mobile Farm School is the program that offers sustainable agriculture knowledge and skills to most vulnerable children. It mainly aims at creating food security to most vulnerable children hence to become self-reliant.

 MFS participants are being facilitated in theory and practical methods regarding to 10 Units which intend to support “Mkukuta” policy as well as ‘KILIMO KWANZA” for Tanzania.

In an attempt to provide some kind of economic independence to the VSI members, Humuliza has adapted the Mobile Farm School model used by the Kitovu Orphan Programme in Masaka – Uganda.
Two staff members and two VSI members visited Kitovu in order to get an idea of the model, after which Humuliza developed its own program. Regular training is now run in Nshamba from the demonstration garden. Apart from farming skills the training includes book-keeping, planning and management of projects, and budgeting. Most of those who attend are heads of households who have access to a small plot of land. They attend the Mobile Farm School for one week every month - in the remaining three weeks they must apply their new knowledge and pass it to at least one other VSI-member selected by themselves.

MFS activities include:-

  1. MFS Facilitation: This is giving theoretical and practical training in different agricultural techniques which are in 10 units.
  1. Short seminars: Short time seminars to VSI and RM members in different agricultural techniques.
  1. Giving Loans: Providing loans of seeds, animals (goats, chicken, rabbits, etc.) and agricultural tools to VSI and RM members.
  1. giving support: Giving support of manure, seeds and advices to VSI and RM members.
  1. Visits and monitoring: This is done to individual members, MFS Young Farmers’ Association and RM for advises and directives in agricultural activities.
  1. Networking with other organisations: Sharing trainings and experiences with other Organizations.
  1. MFS Assistants’ meetings and trainings:

rafiki mdogo

Rafiki Mdogo are two Swahili words with a meaning of “little friends”. Rafiki Mdogo (RM) comprises of the most vulnerable children aged 6 -12 years old. There are 22 groups of RM in 21 clusters with a total number of 1000 RM members. These groups are being cared by VSI members who have been trained as RM attendants with the support of caregivers and responsible staff.

Members of the VSI are selected to work as attendants with the younger Rafiki Mdogo groups that meet once a week. They are trained by Humuliza staff who also monitor the groups. The attendants meet once a month in Nshamba to discuss their experiences and to get some support for the next months.
The attendants organise the weekly meetings. The group sings and plays together and children have an opportunity to share their experiences and problems. In addition the Rafiki’s are given soap, basic food and school supplies once a month.

Other RM activities are:-

  • Group visits, whereby one RM group visit an RM group in another cluster.
  • SFA training.
  • Hero book training.
  • Training in agriculture and small animals’ keeping.

self defense for girls

Self-defense department offers training to girls so as to empower them fight against abuses including rape, and to understand their rights. It also deals with learning and experiencing that in an emergency case a women / a girl can defend herself. There is another option in emergency cases than simply be overpowered.  This knowledge brings the freedom to not behave anymore submissive for survival reasons. It is a step towards equality to gender. Within the local communities the practices of child abuses- especially for girls are taking place silently whereby children fail to report those cases.


Most reports on children affected by HIV/AIDS highlight the fact that,  the risk of sexual abuse increases when children lose their parents. After consultation with boys and girls in the VSI organization, the decision was made to train girls in self defense. 20 girls were trained as trainers and they now run regular groups with girls in their cluster. In addition to self defense the group discusses abuse and provides support to those who have experienced sexual violence.

  • Training girls in self-defense techniques which are in to parts:- Practical (techniques to fight against sexual harassment by boys/men and teachers,) and theoretical part ( self-assertiveness.)
  • Awareness rising among community about self-defense training and children rights, through role plays, songs, drama by attending different occasions and meetings.
  • Counseling sessions to individual and groups of traumatized girls. This is done in collaboration with the Psycho Social Support Department.
  • Trainings to self- defense trainers in order to make them more competent.
  • Organizing trained girls in clubs.
  • Networking with other organizations: Sharing trainings and experiences with other Organizations.


english course and secondary education

English course is the course given to VSI members who have completed standard seven and have not joined with secondary school education.

The aim of English course is to enable them to speak English and this can help them to communicate with any person who does not know how to speak Swahili.

After finishing the English course, those who want can now enroll in a private, part time Secondary school programme.


  • Daily class attendance:
  • Internal debates:
  • Examinations: Students are  given different examinations to check whether the students understand the lessons as well as to motivate them to work hard.


  • Daily class attendance 
  • Registration of students: students are registered to sit for the Qualifying test exams under the National Examination Council of Tanzania. The examination is equivalent to the form two exams so it leads them to continue with the form three and form four subjects.